Main: (Papilionidae / Papilioninae)
56.003 [B&F: 1539] Swallowtail (Papilio machaon) Linnaeus, 1758


A rare Red Data Book species, protected under the UK Wildlife and Countryside Act, and a priority species under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan. Found in fens, marshes and other damp areas (dry open areas in Europe); 0-50 m (0-1500 m in Europe) in parts of East Anglia, also appearing as a migrant in the south of England; mainland Europe and Fennoscandia. In Hampshire and on the Isle of Wight an occasional and rare immigrant. Wingspan 64-100 mm. Larva feeds on Milk-parsley and Fennel.

Flightime guide

Phenology - Adult Records

Max records: 5
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Phenology - Larval Records

Max records: 1
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Distribution Map

Historical distribution at tetrad resolution
Click for density map

Record Density

As above but the larger the symbol, the greater the number of records
Click for distribution map

Detail records

VC10 Isle of Wight
Newport (SZ48)1948oneJolliffe, FLarval
Carisbrooke (SZ48)04-Aug-1995oneBiggs, DTAdult
Wooton (SZ59)28-Aug-1999-Dudley, Caroline Adult
Shanklin (SZ58)27-Jul-2001oneCheverton, JMAdult
Newtown NNR (SZ49)15-Aug-2003oneCockbain, R&CAdult
Godshill (SZ58)09-Aug-2006oneMartill, DAdult
Culver Down (SZ68)01-Sep-2007oneLyons, EAdult
Culver Down (SZ68)01-Sep-2007oneBox, Pete Adult
Culver Cliff (SZ68)02-Sep-2007oneSames, MWAdult
Whippingham (SZ59)06-Aug-2013oneRowell, JAdult
Wheelers Bay (SZ57)10-Aug-2013oneButler, Andy Adult
Ventnor (SZ57)06-Oct-2013oneJones, SAdult
Wheelers Bay (SZ57)16-Jun-2014oneWright, AAdult
Upper Ventnor (SZ57)02-Jul-2014oneOutlaw, Iain Adult
Upper Ventnor (SZ57)02-Jul-2014oneButler, Andy Adult
Newport (SZ58)03-Jul-2015oneKnill-Jones, Sam Adult
St Lawrence (SZ57)09-Aug-2015oneKadeit, JAdult
Newport (SZ58)05-Sep-2017sevenFordham, SLarval
VC11 South Hampshire
Milford-on-Sea (SZ29)01-Sep-2003oneHoskins, A.Adult
Milton (SU60)02-Sep-2005oneThirlwell, Ian Adult
Lymington (SZ39)02-Jul-2006oneAustin, GCAdult
Titchfield Haven NNR (SU50)05-Jun-2008oneNeedleAdult
Titchfield Haven NNR (SU50)05-Jun-2008oneNeedleAdult
Woolston (SU41)20-Aug-2012oneButcher, SAdult
Hayling Island (SZ79)27-Jun-2013oneMcCullagh, SAdult
Lymington (SZ39)08-Jul-2013threeWard, Marcus Adult
Bramshaw (SU21)14-Jul-2013onePinchen, BJAdult
Lymington (SZ39)18-Jul-2013oneWard, Marcus Adult
Milton (SU60)08-Aug-2013oneThompson, RAdult
Bournemouth (SZ19)01-Oct-2014oneEvans, David Adult
Portchester (SU60)19-Jul-2015oneFry, Darren Adult
VC12 North Hampshire
Selborne (SU73)02/08/1780oneWhite, GAdult
Selborne (SU73)14/07/1782oneWhite, GAdult
Selborne (SU73)18/08/1782oneWhite, GAdult
Silchester (SU66)15-Oct-2006oneRaven, CAdult
Farnborough (SU85)04-May-2011oneNewman, AAdult
Alton (SU73)05-Jul-2011oneDenton, WAdult
Noar Hill, Selborne (SU73)04-Aug-2013oneJames, AAdult
Magdalen Hill Down NR (SU52)14-Apr-2014oneGibbons, MAdult
Magdalen Hill Down NR (SU52)14-Apr-2014oneGibbons, MAdult
Farnborough (SU85)23-Aug-2017oneO'Connor, MAdult

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