Main: (Noctuidae / Oncocnemidinae)
73.059 [B&F: 2223] Toadflax Brocade (Calophasia lunula) (Hufnagel, 1766)


Previously a rare and local resident on shingle beaches and grassy areas in parts of south-eastern England, predominantly coastal; in Kent it occurs at Dungeness and along the coast to Folkestone, including records from Hythe, Dover and Kingsdown. In Sussex, larvae can be common on shingle beaches and waste places within a mile of the sea-shore. Prior to 2000, there were just three records, all coastal: the first at Locks Heath in 1971, with one at Southsea in August 1992 and one in Gosport in August 1996. However, the 21st Century has seen an expansion of range inland, from a base apparently in Greater London and since 2015 it has been recorded annually, both along the coast and from the north-east. The first Isle of Wight record was also in 2015. Wingspan 32-34 mm. Larva feeds on Purple Toadflax and Common Toadflax, over-wintering as a pupa.

Update: Status review, January 2020.

Flightime guide

Records Received By Year

% of total records
Max records: 5
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Percentage of Total Records

Total records
Max Percentage: 0.0067263064
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Phenology - Adult Records

Max records: 3
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Phenology - Larval Records

Max records: 1
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Distribution Map

Historical distribution at tetrad resolution
Click for density map

Record Density

As above but the larger the symbol, the greater the number of records
Click for distribution map

Detail records

VC10 Isle of Wight
Wheelers Bay (SZ57)09-Aug-2015oneButler, AAdult
VC11 South Hampshire
Locks Heath (SU50)13-May-1971oneHayward, RAdult
Southsea (SZ69)11-Aug-1992oneLangmaid, JRAdult
Gosport (SU50)18-Aug-1996oneWalker, DAdult
Dibden Bay (SU40)2000---
Eastleigh (SU41)15-May-2015oneHampton, MDAdult
Sholing (SU41)13-Jun-2015oneCollins, AAdult
Bitterne (SU41)04-Jul-2016fourHarrison-Watts, GLarval
Eastleigh (SU41)25-Jul-2016oneHampton, MDAdult
Winchester (SU42)05-Aug-2016oneWalker, THAdult
Eastleigh (SU41)10-Jun-2017oneHampton, MDAdult
N/A (SU41)10-Jun-2017oneHampton, MDAdult
N/A (SU41)21-Aug-2017oneHampton, MDAdult
South Stoneham, Southamption (SU41)19-Jul-2018oneTerry, MAdult
Allbrook (SU42)27-Jun-2019oneIngram, SAdult
Chandlers Ford (SU42)28-Jul-2019oneArber, KAdult
VC12 North Hampshire
Basingstoke (SU65)20-May-2017oneLevy, DAdult
Yateley (SU86)14-Jul-2017oneHewitt, JAdult
Farnborough (SU85)02-Aug-2018oneWills, KBAdult
Plastow Green (SU56)07-Aug-2018sevenWhite, KLarval
Farnborough (SU85)25-Jul-2019oneWills, KBAdult

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